NY State Protected Native Plant List

Protected Native Plant List

Federated Garden Clubs of New York State Policy- March, 2004

Plants named on the New York State list, “Protected Native Plants” cannot be exhibited in competitive classes, except in Special Exhibits Division as an Educational Exhibit. Such plants must have been acquired in a lawful manner, and may be cut specimens and/or container plants.

Commercially developed hybrids or cultivars (not natural varieties) of plants on the NY list are permitted in competitive classes, but only when the distinguishing feature is evident (April, 1992).

Species Common Name
Arisaema dracontium Greendragon
Asclepias tuberosa Butterfly Weed, Orange Milkweed
Campanula rotundifolia Harebell, Bluebell of Scotland
Celastrus scandens American Bittersweet
Chimaphila maculata,

   C. umbellata

Spotted Wintergreen, Pipsissewa
Cornus florida Flowering Dogwood
Drosera rotundifolia Sundew
Epigaea repens Trailing Arbutus, May Flower
Euonymus americanus,

   E. obovata

Strawberry Bush, Bursting Heart, Running Strawberry Bush
Ferns, all native species

(except Hay Scented,

Sensitive and

Bracken) including:




Maidenhair, Spleenwort, Lady, Ostrich, Christmas, Cinnamon, Interrupted, Royal, Rock, Common Polypody
Gentiana, all native species Gentian
Ilex, all native species


   I. glabra

   I. opaca
I. verticillata

Inkberry, American Holly, Winterberry, Black Alder
Kalmia, all native species Laurel
Lilium, all native species Canada Lilly, Wood Lilly, Turk’s Cap Lilly
Lobelia cardinalis Cardinal Flower
Lycopodium complanatum,

   L. stichense

Clubmoss, Princess Pine
Malus glaucesens American Crab Apple
Mertensia virginica Virginia Bluebell
Myrica pennsylvanica Bayberry
Opuntia humifusa Eastern Prickly-pear Cactus
Orchidaceae, all native


Ladyslipper, Pogonia, Twayblade, Ladies’ Tresses, Rattlesnake, Plantain Orchids
Orontium aquaticum Golden-club
Panax quinquefolius Ginseng, Sang

R. lapponicum

   R. canadense

   R. maximum,

   R. periclymenoides,

   R. prinophyllum,

   R. viscosum

Rhodora, Rosebay, Pinskster Azalea, Great Laurel, Swamp Azalea, Clammy Azalea
Sabatia, all native species Marsh-pink, Swamp-pink
Sanguinaria canadensis Blood-root
Sarrasenia purpurea Pitcher-plant
Silene caroliniana Marsh-pink, Wild Pink
Trillium, all native species Trillium
Viola pedata Bird’s-foot Violet

Second District Conservation Plant List

Second District Conservation  Plant List

Scientific Name Common Name
Arisaema dracontium Green-dragon
Arisaema triphyllum Jack-in-the Pulpit
Asclepias tuberosa Butterfly-weed
Campanula rotundifolia Harebell
Celastrus scandens* American Bittersweet
Chimaphila maculata Spotted Wintergreen
Chimaphila umbellata Pipsissewa
Cornus florida Flowering Dogwood
Drosera – all native species Sundew
Epigaea repens Trailing Arbutus
Erythronium americanum Trout Lilly
Euonymus americanus Bursting Heart
Euonymus atropurpureus Wahoo
Filices – all native species** Ferns
Gentiana – all native species All Gentians
Hydrastis canadensis Golden Seal
Ilex glabra Inkberry
Ilex opaca American Holly
Ilex verticillata Winterberry
Kalmia – all native species Laurel
Lilium canadense Canada Lily
Lilium philadelphicum Wood Lily
Lilium superbum Turk’s Cap Lily
Lobelia cardinalis Cardinal Flower
Lycopodium – all native species All Clubmosses (including Princess Pine)
Mertensia virginica Virginia Bluebell
Mitchella repens Partridge Berry
Monarda didyma Bee-balm
Monotropa uniflora Indian Pipe
Myrica pensylvanica Bayberry
Nelumbo Lutea American Lotus
Opuntia humifusa Prickly Pear Cactus
Orchidaceae All Native Orchids
Orontium aquaticum Golden Club
Panax quinquefolius Ginseng
Panax trifolius Dwarf Ginseng
Pyrus coronaria Wild Crab Apple
Rhododendron – all native species including:

   Rhododendron maximum

   Rhododendron nudiflorum
Rhododendron viscosum



Pinxter Azalea

Swamp Azalea

Rosa virginiana Wild Rose (New York State Flower)
Sabatia – all native species Marsh Pinks
Sanguinaria canadensis Bloodroot
Sarracenia purpurea Pitcher Plant
Silene caroliniana Wild Pink
Trillium – all native species Trillium
Trollius laxus Globe Flower
Uvularia sessilifolia Bellwort
Viola pedata Bird’s Foot Violet


* RARE and not to be confused with Oriental Bittersweet (Calestrus orbiculatus) which is common on Long Island. No VARIETY may be used in a Flower Show.
**Native Ferns
cannot be exhibited in any Division of a Flower Show, except in the Special Exhibits Division, as an Educational Exhibit. Such plants must have been acquired in a lawful manner.


Fall Blooming Flowers

Aconitum (Monk’s Hood)

Anemone x hybrida (Japanese Anemone)

Asters (Michaelmas Daisys, frickartii, New England)

Autumn Crocus (Colchicum speciosum)


Calluna vulgaris (Scotch Heather)

Campanula persicifolia (Bellflower)


Caryopteris (Blue Mist Shrub)

Ceratostigma (Plumbago)

Chelone (Turtlehead)


Cimicifuga (Snakeroot)

Coriopsis (Tickseed)


Eupatorium (Joe Pye Weed)

Helenium (Sneezeweed)

Helianthus (Perennial Sunflower)

Heliopsis (False Sunflower)

Kirengeshoma palmata (Yellow Wax Bells)


Perovskia atriplicifolia (Russian Sage)

Phlox paniculata

Platycodon grandifloras (Balloon Flower)

Rudbeckia (Black-Eyed Susan)

Sedum (Stonecrop)


Contributor: Pam Flamm

September Garden Chores

Some thoughts about your September Garden

Keep weeding or you will have to deal with their children next season!

Keep deadheading all perennials and annuals, it will extend their bloom.  Some annuals, especially Verbena will go almost vegetative unless dead headed.

Now is the time you wish you had either staked your fall bloomers or even better, trimmed them back in June so you would have fuller, stronger and  plants with more buds now.  Think Asters.

Plant pansies for a wonderful fall/winter garden show, they will emerge in the spring with a wonderful second show as a great accompaniment to your spring bulbs.

Cut back and divide your Daylilies now.  If you soak the large clumps in a bucket of water, the water will move the dirt away and they can then be easily pulled apart by hand.  Replant them, give a healthy handful of Hollytone and they double flower production next season.

Fall is the perfect time of year to divide your never been divided in 3-5 year old perennials.  Divide your fall bloomers in Spring.

Newly planted trees and shrubs need deep watering.  Rain is not deep water.  Rhodies and Azaleas are shallow rooted and loose moisture quickly.

Leaf mold applied to your perennials is a wonderful nourisher.  Ounce for ounce, leaves are richer in minerals that any other plant material and left alone will become leaf mold in 2-3 years.  Shredded leaves, kept moist and turned every week will produce leaf mold in 3 weeks—–how happy will your plants be!


Dried tomatoes are expensive.  Do them yourself!  15 lbs of fresh tomatoes=1 lb of dried.  Cut fully ripe Roma/plum tomatoes into halves, place on racks and set in a 200 degree oven with the door ajar to promote circulation.  They will be dry in 10-12 hours and can be stored at room temperature covered with olive oil.